File Name: social worker and approaching to cuba culture in united state .zip
This entry discusses the development of social work in Cuba since the revolution of
To compete and thrive in the 21st century, democracies, and the United States in particular, must develop new national security and economic strategies that address the geopolitics of information. In this century, democracies must better account for information geopolitics across all dimensions of domestic policy and national strategy. This process has to be examined in the context of the current strategic competition between China and the U. After the Cold War ended, promoting the international spread of democracy seemed poised to replace containment as the guiding principle of U.
Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene 1 January ; 6 In response to the economic crisis of the early s, the Cuban agricultural sector largely departed from the industrial model of food production that it had previously pursued. The subsequent transition towards an agroecological model has been a dynamic and uneven process, elevating Cuba on the world stage as a global leader in sustainable agriculture while at the same time producing unique challenges for Cuban farmers, policy makers, researchers and academics. This article synthesizes and updates contemporary literature on the Cuban agricultural system, paying attention to both successes and shortcomings of agroecology in Cuba to date. By analyzing both the historical and contemporary processes through which agroecology has taken root in Cuba, we demonstrate that, despite its uneven and incomplete implementation, such a sustainable agroecological transition holds great, untapped potential.
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Christopher Columbus landed on the island in and named it Juana after Prince Juan, the heir apparent to the throne of Castille. Location and Geography. The island lies about ninety miles south of the Florida Keys. The area of the country is 48, square miles , square kilometers. About a third of the island is mountainous, consisting of the Guaniguanco chain in the western province of Pinar del Rio, the Escambrey in the south-central province of Las Villas, and the largest system, the Sierra Maestra, in the western province of Oriente.
Healthcare in Cuba
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The poorer countries of the world continue to struggle with an enormous health burden from diseases that we have long had the capacity to eliminate. Similarly, the health systems of some countries, rich and poor alike, are fragmented and inefficient, leaving many population groups underserved and often without health care access entirely. Cuba represents an important alternative example where modest infrastructure investments combined with a well-developed public health strategy have generated health status measures comparable with those of industrialized countries. Areas of success include control of infectious diseases, reduction in infant mortality, establishment of a research and biotechnology industry, and progress in control of chronic diseases, among others. If the Cuban experience were generalized to other poor and middle-income countries human health would be transformed. Given current political alignments, however, the major public health advances in Cuba, and the underlying strategy that has guided its health gains, have been systematically ignored. Scientists make claims to objectivity and empiricism that are often used to support an argument that they make unique contributions to social welfare.
Congress of the Central Organization of Cuban Workers (Nov. 16, ). nounced.5 As a result, the narrative of Cuba in the United States contin- state sanctions has been the dominant approach to crime in the United. States, this anuario/04accion/apaei-essonnesud.org (noting that prevention projects have as a goal the.
Social Policy and the Welfare State
Education in Cuba: Foundations and challenges. This article discusses the importance of education for any nation and for Cuba in particular, examining its political, pedagogical and sociological foundations, and portraying its accomplishments over the last 50 years.
The Curious Case of Cuba
The U. During the half century that followed, successive U. The United States has sanctioned Cuba longer than it has any other country. President Barack Obama took some extraordinary steps to normalize U. However, President Donald J. Trump largely reversed course, hitting Cuba with a raft of new sanctions. The Joe Biden administration could thaw relations once again, experts say, but it is unclear how quickly and to what extent.
The developments and changes in the social life have led to change in the social needs. Therefore, problems and their solutions also change. The industrial revolution which realized in the eighteenth century had some important impacts not only on the economic life but also on social structure. It was aimed to solve social problems and ensure prosperity through social policies, which is a multidisciplinary field, and consequently, the concept of welfare state emerged. The states, which had liberal concerns and traditional protection functions and reached a powerful position with their internationalist approaches, underwent a transformation period because of the economic and social developments which took place in the last quarter of the twentieth century. It has been subject of criticism that states increased the social expenses to satisfy the social needs and therefore caused an economic crisis in this period when the effects of globalization were discussed. In this study, the change and transformation process in the welfare states and their social policies at the global scale will be handled conceptually and from the historical development perspective.
2. Evolution of Cuba’s agroecology movement
Keck conceived the article, led the writing, and prepared much of the historical material. Reed conducted interviews with Cuban health professionals and contributed much of the data included in the figures and tables, as well as the material that discussed the current challenges faced by the Cuban National Health System. Both authors reviewed drafts of the article. Although mutual awareness has been limited by long-term political hostilities between the United States and Cuban governments, the history and details of the Cuban health system indicate that their health system merits attention as an example of a national integrated approach resulting in improved health status. More extensive analysis of the principles, practices, and outcomes in Cuba is warranted to inform health system transformation in the United States, despite differences in political-social systems and available resources. Efforts in this direction have begun.
The Cuban government operates a national health system and assumes fiscal and administrative responsibility for the health care of all its citizens. Like the rest of the Cuban economy , Cuban medical care suffered following the end of Soviet subsidies in and the stepping up of the United States embargo against Cuba at this time also had an effect. Cuba has historically — both before and during Communist rule — performed better than other countries in the region on infant mortality and life expectancy. Modern Western medicine has been practiced in Cuba by formally trained doctors since at least the beginning of the 19th century and the first surgical clinic was established in S presence — yellow fever was essentially eliminated due to the efforts of Clara Maass and surgeon Jesse William Lazear. In the s the number of doctors per thousand of the population ranked above Britain, France and the Netherlands.
However, in the postwar period it was afflicted with lacklustre economic growth and a corrupt political dictatorship set up in by the same Batista who earlier had helped put his country on a seemingly democratic path. It was also a country whose long history of economic and other dependence on the United States had fed nationalist resentment, although control of the sugar industry and other economic sectors by U.
The Cuban Revolution Today. Reprinted with their permission. Not to be reproduced in any form without the written permission of Ocean Press.
Джабба всплеснул руками. - Ради всего святого. Шифры-убийцы похожи на любые другие - они так же произвольны.