File Name: landscape ecotoxicology and assessment of risk at multiple scales .zip
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- Soil Contamination, Risk Assessment and Remediation
- Developing a Field of Landscape Ecotoxicology
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Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination. Environment pollution is a burning topic of the day. Air, water and soil are being polluted alike. Soil being a "universal sink" bears the greatest burden of environmental pollution. It is getting polluted in a number of ways. There is urgency in controlling the soil pollution in order to preserve the soil fertility and increase the productivity.
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The estimation of regional risks due to multiple Stressors is a frontier in environmental toxicology and risk assessment. We are conducting a regional scale ecological risk assessment of multiple Stressors in the Willamette Valley, Oregon. The Willamette River drains an extensive agricultural area and forests of both the Coastal and Cascades mountains. The river also receives effluents from paper mills and urban wastewater treatment facilities. A major tributary of the Willamette is the McKenzie River. The McKenzie watershed, which extends into the Cascade Mountains, is extensively forested.
Soil Contamination, Risk Assessment and Remediation
The widespread contamination of ecosystems with plant protection products pesticides in this text around the world is evident Hoferkamp et al. Pesticide effects on the physiology, activity and diversity of various aquatic and terrestrial non-target organisms is addressed by numerous studies, and many new aspects are also described in a recent Frontiers Research Topic. We currently observe a deterioration of biodiversity in agricultural landscapes, and the dramatic losses are increasingly discussed by the public European Commission, a. Out of a set of recorded parameters of agricultural intensification such as field size, fertilizer application, landscape heterogeneity a unique, pan-European study identified pesticide application as the responsible factor for lower biodiversity of plants, ground beetles, and birds in wheat fields Geiger et al. Other drivers were habitat loss and conversion to intensive agriculture, fertilizer inputs, introduced species, and climate change. There is agreement in the scientific community that pesticides are a central responsible factor for the observed terrestrial biodiversity declines. However, pesticides are perceived also as the chemicals with the strictest regulation, requiring an in-depth Environmental Risk Assessment ERA for registration in the European Union European Parliament,
Developing a Field of Landscape Ecotoxicology
Metrics details. Agrochemicals, such as pesticides and fertilizers, have facilitated an unprecedented intensification of agriculture [ 1 , 2 ]. However, the desired yield gains come at the cost of unwanted side effects on the environment.
Riverine Ecosystem Management pp Cite as. Toxicants still represent a relevant stressor in river ecosystems. We describe the entry paths of toxicants into rivers and discuss the processes that determine the levels of exposure. Subsequently, the impacts of chemical toxicants on different levels of biological organisation, ranging from individuals to meta-communities, are portrayed with a special emphasis on the propogation of effects through biotic interactions and the modulation of effects through environmental conditions and potentially co-occurring stressors. We outline mitigation measures for different input paths that may reduce the concentrations of chemical toxicants, and consequently their risks to organisms, in river ecosystems. Finally, we discuss challenges and promising tools for a more realistic assessment of risks, which is the first step to an efficient management of chemicals in river ecosystems.
The system can't perform the operation now. Try again later. Citations per year. Duplicate citations. The following articles are merged in Scholar. Their combined citations are counted only for the first article.
Landscape ecotoxicology and assessment of risk at multiple scales Ecological risk assessments need to explicitly consider multiple spatial scales, accounting for heterogeneity within contaminated areas and Request Full-text Paper PDF.
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