Difference Between Public Administration And Business Administration Pdf

difference between public administration and business administration pdf

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References Boyne, G. Journal of management studies, 39 1 , Buelens, M.

Public management is often mistakenly believed to be the same as public administration. While there is some overlap, the two disciplines actually make use of different sets of professional duties. Public administration focuses on producing public policies and coordinating public programs.

Difference Between Public and Private Administration

Administration refers to the broad range of activities and the execution of the functions related to the achievement of the objectives of an organization in an effective and efficient manner. Administration is an activity as well as a field of study. Administration is often distinguished or divided into two major branches namely public administration and private administration. Public administration and private administration are juxtaposed to each other in terms of processes, nature and objectives.

Public administration is the specialized branch of administration and deals with public policies and programs, government functions, and providing of various services to the general public.

Public Administration is both a discipline and an activity. Public Administration as a discipline or field of study covers the multi-disciplinary subjects or areas of study like planning, budgeting, organizing, staffing, controlling, directing, and various other theoretical aspects related to the execution of the public policies and programs.

Public administration covers various branches of the government namely executive, legislative and judicial, and their interrelationships. It has sub-branches of study like financial public administration, development public administration etc. As an activity, Public Administration performs various functions like administering public services, social security services, welfare services; management of government organizations and undertakings; regulation and control of private activities and enterprises; and so on.

Public administration is typically carried out by the non-political organized public bureaucracy that functions within a well-defined legal and regulatory framework. It is based on the principles of uniformity, service motive, and external control and it is usually carried out on a continuous basis.

Private administration refers to the management of private organizations usually business entities. It is carried out by the private individuals or a group with an aim to earn profits usually. Private administration is a business or commercial activity of non-political nature and it involves various types of activities and management processes like planning, production, marketing, financing, controlling, coordinating and etc.

Private administration is related with the management theories and processes. Many of the fundamental theories and processes of both public administration and private administration are similar.

Both need a thorough knowledge of administrative theories and principles. Both are concerned with the best utilization of the limited resources at their disposal. Both public administration and private administration strive to achieve effectiveness and efficiency. Both are focused on attaining the objectives of their organizations. Public administration deals with public policies, state affairs, government functions, and providing of various services to the general public; but private administration deals with the management and operations of private organizations usually business entities.

Public administration operates in the governmental set-up; while private administration operates in the non-governmental set-up. Public administration is closely related with the political process and often conducts itself as a part of the larger political process; while private administration concentrates on the commercial and business activities. Public administration usually covers all the territory within the jurisdiction of the government or a nation; while private administration may cover the multi-country operations or activities of an organization spread over a number of national jurisdictions, or only a very small office.

Public administration is usually carried out on continuous basis; while private administration is basically carried out on periodic basis. Public administration has a bureaucratic approach; whereas private administration usually has an egalitarian approach. Public administration involves numerous types of public services and governmental activities; while private administration may involve only with a limited set of activities as private organizations function on the basis of division of labor or core competency.

The public administration is welfare oriented and works with a service motive; whereas the private administration is typically profit oriented. The scope of public administration is determined by the government laws or regulations; while the scope of private administration is determined by the management of the organization. Public administration is subjected to many laws and regulations along with a focus on transparency and equal treatment; but private administration is subjected to less number of laws and has permissible levels of discretion and differential treatment to the customers or clients.

Public administration has considerable authority and power over the public and territories; but private administration has little authority or very limited authority related to the specific activities and employees of the organization only. Decision making in the public administration is typically pluralistic, transparent and subject to public scrutiny; but decision making in the public private administration is monopolistic, discretionary and often secretive.

Public administration is accountable to the general public at large or the representatives of the people; while private administration is accountable to the owners of the organization. Public administrators or officials are usually appointed through a competitive process; while the private administrators may be appointed on the basis of personal choice or liking.

Some specific qualification is compulsory for public administrator or official; but any specific qualification is not compulsory for a private administrator. Public administrators are considered public servants; while private administrators are considered private employees. Public administrator gets a salary; while a private administrator may get a profit share along with a salary.

Revenue or income for the public administration is typically generated through taxes, duties, fees, penalties and other dues paid by the citizens; while revenue or income for the private administration is typically generated through operating profits. Public administration and private administration both are important for a country and society at large. Public administration and private administration both have similar processes and techniques like planning, organizing, coordinating, controlling, accounting, hierarchical chain of command or reporting structures, personnel and financial issues, etc.

There are many differences between public administration and private administration. Public administration works in a governmental setting and focuses on service motive, transparency, public welfare, etc. Private administration is a discretionary business process; and focuses on effectiveness and efficiency to earn profits.

However, they also complement each other in some respects. Both public administration and private administration play a crucial role in contributing towards the growth and development of the country in various ways. Public administration maintains proper law and order providing a peaceful environment to the private administration for better functioning.

On the other hand, private administration may bring in jobs and prosperity leading to more revenues and taxes for the public administration. So much helpful and the ideas are structured in a way that it can fully be understood. Thank you so much and may the good Lord of PNG blesses your knowledge. This is so very helpful and easy to follow and understand. Kindly put othe topics in public administration as well so that we read. Thumbs up. Wow I love this… It simply and brought together all I need to know about public administration… Great work!

Your email address will not be published. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. What is Public administration? What is Private administration? Similarities between Public administration and Private administration: Many of the fundamental theories and processes of both public administration and private administration are similar. Differences between Public administration and Private administration: Definition of Public vs. Private administration Public administration deals with public policies, state affairs, government functions, and providing of various services to the general public; but private administration deals with the management and operations of private organizations usually business entities.

Scope in Public and Private administration Public administration operates in the governmental set-up; while private administration operates in the non-governmental set-up. Nature of Public and Private administration Public administration is closely related with the political process and often conducts itself as a part of the larger political process; while private administration concentrates on the commercial and business activities.

Coverage Public administration usually covers all the territory within the jurisdiction of the government or a nation; while private administration may cover the multi-country operations or activities of an organization spread over a number of national jurisdictions, or only a very small office. Author Recent Posts. Surendra Singh. Latest posts by Surendra Singh see all. Wonderful information to gain here Reply. I love this! This is great! This information gives me more help to know all about this, thanks and well done Reply.

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Difference Between Private and Public Administration & Similarities

Asked by Wiki User. Public Administration is basically the development, implementation and study of different branches of the policies by the government. It pursues the public good by enhancing the civil society and the social justice. It deals with government and non-government organization. On the other hand, Business Administration is the performance or management of the operations of a business. It deals with organizing the human resource and the other resources available to the organization in an efficient manner so that goals and objectives can be achieved. The difference between public and business administration lies in the goals of administration.


Public administration refers to the administration which operates in the governmental setting Business (Private) administration, on the other hand, refers to administration which operates in the non-governmental setting, that is, business (private) enterprises.


Difference Between Public Administration and Private Administration

Administration refers to the broad range of activities and the execution of the functions related to the achievement of the objectives of an organization in an effective and efficient manner. Administration is an activity as well as a field of study. Administration is often distinguished or divided into two major branches namely public administration and private administration. Public administration and private administration are juxtaposed to each other in terms of processes, nature and objectives.

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Administration can be viewed as the act of effectively managing the affairs of a business organisation or state. It implies the optimum use of people, information and other resources of the organisation, in the attainment of the ultimate goal of the company. The administration can be done either by public officials or private individuals. Public administration is a branch of economics that works with service motive. On the other end, private administration works with business intuition.

What Is The Difference Between Public Administration & Business Management?

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involves marketing and finance. It may also involve how to make a company more competitive with other.

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In casual conversation, administration and management sound like exactly the same thing.

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When selecting a degree, prospective students must take into consideration the demands, strengths, and skills relative to each program.

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