Advantages And Disadvantages Of Communicative Language Teaching Method Pdf

advantages and disadvantages of communicative language teaching method pdf

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The audio-lingual method , Army Method , or New Key , [1] is a method used in teaching foreign languages.


To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. RS Global. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. Teaching language is one of the most workable tasks. It is an art to motivate make to learn any foreign language but doing it with true and effective way is much more difficult but it is encouraged.

There are different types of teaching communicative language, but our task is to find out effective one and make it to be used in real life, at lessons. One of the essential ways of learning and teaching language is the communicative approach. This approach is an approach to language teaching that emphasized interaction as both the means and an ultimate goal of study.

Learners converse about personal experiences with partners and instructors teach topics outside of the realm of traditional grammar, in order to promote language skills in all types of situations.

This method also claims to encourage learners to incorporate their personal experiences into their language learning environment, and to focus on the learning experience in addition to the learning of the target language 1. Actually when we choose classroom activities based on what we believe or what we are interested in will be most effective for our students developing their communicative abilities in target language. In communicative language CLT teaching we should focus on being a facilitator, rather than an instructor.

Because of facilitating brings us more productive result rather than instructing. In this case we can get prospective results. CLT teachers choose classroom activities based on what they believe is going to be most effective for students developing communicative abilities in the target language TL.

Oral activities are popular among CLT teachers, as opposed to grammar drills or reading and writing activities, because they include active conversation and creative, unpredicted responses from students. Activities vary based on the level of language class they are being used in. They promote collaboration, fluency and comfort in the TL. According to above we can count many benefits of CLT.

First of all it is very good motivation to learn language, as speaking interests above all. Every learner wants to speak in foreign language to show that they have learned the language and they can speak and understand it. Learners have an opportunity to use and practice in realm what they learned before. It is good experience and works very well. The activities which were mentioned above are very good approaches.

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A Critical Overview of Communicative Language Teaching

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The activities which are used in the CLT approach such as dramas, role plays and games make learning enjoyable. Communicative Language Teaching Today 3 competence refers to the knowledge we have of a language that accounts for our ability to produce sentences in a language… Savignon, Sandra J. What does this term mean? Communicative language teaching is best considered an approach rather than a method. Discussion and conclusion The following coping strategies to overcome problems inherited in second language acquisition can be applied in learning English as second language. In this post, you will get complete information on teaching methods and its important aspects. Language learners gotta keep on talking.

The Communicative Approach often seems to be interpreted as: “if the teacher understands the student we have good communication” but native speakers of the target language can have great difficulty understanding students. Another disadvantage is that the CLT approach focuses on fluency but not accuracy.

Audio-lingual method

Geyser , points out that CLT is generally accepted as the most recognized, contemporary approach to language teaching. CLT is considered an approach, rather than a teaching method, and can seem non-specific at times in terms of how to actually go about using practices in the classroom in any sort of systematic way. The real problem when attempting to define CLT is that there are many interpretations of what CLT actually means and involves. It means different things to different people. Or perhaps it is like an extended family of different approaches, and..

The Advantages of Communicative Language Teaching

Advantages and Disadvantages of Communicative Approach in Teaching English as Second Language

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Belchamber Published Psychology. Most groups are enthusiastic about the lesson opportunities which CLT offers. However, some also indicated they felt constrained by the system under which they operated, especially those teaching in settings which are particularly exam-focused. In addition, they queried the relevance of CLT to their situation, where many of the students never used English outside the classroom.

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The Communicative Language Teaching CLT is a method that focuses in the developing of communicative skills in learners, this method has different points of views in which has advantages and disadvantages depending of the needs of each teacher and each classroom, but there are more advantages of this method than disadvantages, it has useful features that can help us to teach English easily and effectively, we can go over those disadvantages if we know how deal with the problems this method could have. One advantage this method has is it seeks to personalize and localize language and adapt it to interests of learners making them to get motivated in the learning or acquisition of language because the meaningful language is always more easily retained by learners and it encourage learners motivation about language; Motivation is not only related to engaging students but also includes confidence building, if the students have confidence they will participate actively in the class improving their communicative skills but is important, first, to create and environment of trust and confidence, or as Belchamber. D Said: If there is a climate of trust and support in the classroom, the students are likely to contribute. Another advantage it has the class is not teacher-centered where only the teacher has the last word and everything that he says is right, it is not like the traditional method but is more student-centered, where the thoughts and feelings of students are important and are taking into account, it is a space where the students can freely speak about they think and also CILT method makes students to use the language in real-situation that they live each day by speaking about their context or certain situation that affects them, or as Ahmad, M. One possible disadvantage in the CLT is the communication according to ability, because as we know the CLT method tries to improve the communicative skills of students, but what happens with those students who do not have enough vocabulary in order to maintain or sustain a conversation?


The Communicative Approach , also known as communicative language teaching CLT , emphasizes interaction and problem solving as both the means and the ultimate goal of learning English - or any language. As such, it tends to emphasise activities such as role play , pair work and group work. It switched traditional language teaching's emphasis on grammar , and the teacher-centred classroom , to that of the active use of authentic language in learning and acquisition. CLT is interested in giving students the skills to be able to communicate under various circumstances. As such, it places less emphasis on the learning of specific grammatical rules and more on obtaining native-speaker-like fluency and pronunciation. Students are assessed on their level of communicative competence rather than on their explicit knowledge.


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The Advantages of Communicative Language Teaching

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