File Name: diarrhea and dehydration in toddlers .zip
Dehydration is significant depletion of body water and, to varying degrees, electrolytes.
The body needs water to help maintain body temperature, make bodily fluids and for day-to-day functioning. Young children and babies are at greater risk of becoming dehydrated than adults. Keeping your child hydrated is important at all times, but especially when they are unwell. If your child is very thirsty, they are probably already dehydrated. The effects of severe dehydration can be serious.
The most useful individual signs for identifying dehydration in children are prolonged capillary refill time, abnormal skin turgor, and abnormal respiratory pattern. However, clinical dehydration scales based on a combination of physical examination findings are better predictors than individual signs. Oral rehydration therapy is the preferred treatment of mild to moderate dehydration caused by diarrhea in children. Appropriate oral rehydration therapy is as effective as intravenous fluid in managing fluid and electrolyte losses and has many advantages. Goals of oral rehydration therapy are restoration of circulating blood volume, restoration of interstitial fluid volume, and maintenance of rehydration. When rehydration is achieved, a normal age-appropriate diet should be initiated. Clinical dehydration scales based on a combination of physical examination findings are the most specific and sensitive tools for accurately diagnosing dehydration in children and categorizing its severity.
Dehydration occurs when the body does not have enough water to function properly. Learn how illness can cause dehydration and how it is treated. Every day, we lose body fluids water and other liquids in our urine, stool, sweat and tears. We replace the lost fluids by eating and drinking. Normally, the body balances these processes carefully, so we replace as much water as we lose. Minerals in the body, such as sodium, potassium and chloride, help to keep a healthy fluid balance.
Dehydration in Children
Dehydration occurs when there is significant loss of body water and, to varying amounts, electrolytes. Treatment is with fluid and electrolytes given by mouth or, in serious cases, by vein intravenously. Dehydration occurs when the body loses more water than it takes in. Substances called electrolytes are lost also. Electrolytes are minerals in the bloodstream and within cells that are essential to life.
Diagnosis and Management of Dehydration in Children
There are many reasons why children can get dried out or dehydrated. A child can lose too much liquid from the body from diarrhea, vomiting or fever. If the child has mouth sores or a bellyache, they may refuse to drink enough.
Diarrhea causes frequent, loose bowel movements. Read about the causes of diarrhea in babies and children, how to take care of them, and how to prevent dehydration. Diarrhea is when your child has watery stool that is more frequent than their usual number of stools. There are many different causes of diarrhea. In children, it is most often caused by a virus that infects the lining of the intestines, called gastroenteritis. Other causes include bacterial infections, parasitic infections, food poisoning or medications such as antibiotics.
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